VOLUME 12: Digital Empowerment: Opportunities and Challenges of Inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean
This volume assembles relevant research focusing on ICTs in Latin America and the Caribbean. Regarding Latin America, the mobile broadband revolution is taking place in Latin America. Despite various constraints faced by Latin American countries, the spread of mobile telephony and broadband Internet has reached very high levels even among low-income populations. However about half of the continent’s population remains unconnected, and the benefits of connectivity have been slow to materialize. Submissions may examine any aspect of the theme of digital divide in Latin America and the politics of digital inclusion. We welcome submissions on different dimensions of the theme such as mobile youth identities, technology affordability, school transformation by digital media, the diffusion of e-commerce platforms and digital technology in SMEs. We are interested in submissions that address theoretical and/or methodological issues on the topic.
The Caribbean region reflects perhaps the greatest cultural, geographical and linguistic diversity in the Western hemisphere. It consists of large and small states with English, French, Spanish, Dutch and Indian cultural backgrounds, and in some instances offer a combination of several languages and varied traditions. Because of historical links with Africa, Europe and other metropoles and the region's proximity to the United States and Latin America, the Caribbean has developed a cosmopolitan reputation, enhanced in some parts by an active tourism sector and openness to diverse external influences. One such is the impact of information and communication technologies (ICTs) on practices of governance, business operation, education and civic life among other areas. Although surveys conducted in Jamaica and other parts of the region reflect an almost ubiquitous access to the mobile phone, there remains a prevailing high percentage of exclusion from high speed broadband technologies and from Internet-based content, particularly among sections of rural populations, the urban poor and persons with disabilities. How can these issues of exclusion be addressed in small island developing states such as those in the Eastern Caribbean archipelago, or in countries experiencing conditions of severe economic challenge such as in Haiti, or in more buoyant but still emerging economies of countries like Barbados, Jamaica and the Dominican Republic? Volume 12 in the proposed new editions by Emerald seeks to address ICTs and the Politics of Inclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean. This timely publication will provide an opportunity to share on-going research and analysis of the subject, not only on Latin America, but also on the Caribbean, including such countries as Haiti, Trinidad and Tobago, Suriname, St Lucia, Jamaica and the Dominican Republic. Potential contributors would examine not only issues of access but also areas of content, policy and size. The potential contributions would also explore the differentiated effects of ICT technology use on various demographic groups including youth, the elderly, men and women. The gender dimension would also factor into strategies for ICT adoption and emerging forms of broadband uses across different population groups. Consistent with the Call By Emerald, chapters which also address research-related methodological and theoretical issues would also be invited as part of the contributions from the Caribbean region.
Editors: Laura Robinson, Jeremy Schulz, and Hopeton S. Dunn
Regional Editors: Sonia Virgínia Moreira, Monica Martinez, Heloisa Pait, John Baldwin,
Antonio C. La Pastina, Joseph D. Straubhaar, Pedro Aguiar, and Alejandro Artopoulos
Laura Robinson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at Santa Clara University and Affiliated Faculty at the UC Berkeley ISSI. She earned her PhD from UCLA, where she held a Mellon Fellowship in Latin American Studies and received a Bourse d’Accueil at the École Normale Supérieure. In addition to holding a postdoctoral fellowship on a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation funded project at the USC Annenberg Center, Robinson has served as Visiting Assistant Professor at Cornell University and the Chair of CITAMS (formerly CITASA) for 2014-2015. Her research has earned awards from CITASA, AOIR, and NCA IICD. Robinson’s current multi-year study examines digital and informational inequalities. Her other publications explore interaction and identity work, as well as new media in Brazil, France, and the U.S.
Jeremy Schulz is Visiting Scholar at the UC Berkeley Institute for the Study of Societal Issues and a Fellow at the Cambridge Institute. He has also served as an Affiliate at the UC San Diego Center for Research on Gender in the Professions and a Council Member of the ASA Section on Consumers and Consumption. Previously, he held an NSF funded postdoctoral fellowship at Cornell University after earning his PhD at UC Berkeley. His article, "Zoning the Evening," received the Shils-Coleman Award from the ASA Theory Section. His publications include “Talk of Work” published in Theory and Society and "Shifting Grounds and Evolving Battlegrounds," published in the American Journal of Cultural Sociology. He has also done research and published in several other areas, including new media, theory, qualitative research methods, work and family, and consumption.
Hopeton S. Dunn
Professor Hopeton S. Dunn is a leading regional scholar and internationally known ICT researcher based at the University of the West Indies in Jamaica. Professor Dunn is the author or editor of six published volumes on ICTs and Communication related issues in the Caribbean and globally. His most recent edited volume is entitled 'Ringtones of Opportunity: Policy, Technology and Access in Caribbean Communications'. His contributions, whether as books, book chapters or journal articles have appeared in works published by Emerald, Sage, Palgrave McMillan, Nordicom, Ian Randle Publishers, Blackwell Wiley, Oxford University Press, University of Tanzania Press. Routledge Taylor Francis, MIT Press Journals, GISW and St Martins Press, among others. In addition, Professor Dunn is the immediate past Secretary General of the International Association for Media and Communication Research (IAMCR) where he remains an active scholarly leader in the Policy and Technology Section. He is Academic Director of the Caribbean Institute of Media and Communication (CARIMAC), at the University of the West Indies (UWI). Professor Dunn is in the second term of a national appointment as the Chairman of Jamaica's regulatory Broadcasting Commission.
VOLUME 13: Brazil: Media from the Country of the Future
This volume assembles research on any aspect of Brazilian media and communication in its various forms. The parameters are set as broadly as possible as long as the research speaks to a facet of the topic as defined in the call for submissions. Submissions may be empirical, theoretical, or methodological--using any method or approach. The volume aims to encompass research on emergent phenomena, as well as studies with a historical or longitudinal dimension. Comparative studies are welcome as long as Brazil is one of the central case studies.
Sonia Virgínia Moreira, Monica Martinez, Heloisa Pait, Joseph D. Straubhaar, Antonio C. La Pastina, Sayonara Leal, John Baldwin, and Pedro Aguiar
Sonia Virgínia Moreira
Sonia Virgínia Moreira is the Director of Social Communication at the Universidade do Estado in Rio de Janeiro. She is the author of several articles and book chapters on journalism and communication-related topics. Among the books she has published are: Rádio Nacional, o Brasil em sintonia (The National Radio Station, Brazil tuned in) (1988, in partnership with Luiz Carlos Saroldi); O Rádio no Brasil (Radio in Brazil) (2nd edition 2000); Rádio Palanque, fazendo política no ar (Radio Speakers´ Platform, politics on the air) (1998); Rádio em transição – tecnologias e leis nos Estados Unidos e no Brasil (Radio in transition – technologies and laws in the United States and in Brazil) (2002); Mídia, ética e sociedade (Media, ethics and society) (2004, organized in partnership with Aníbal Bragança). She was elected president of the Brazilian Society for Interdisciplinary Studies in Communication (2002-2005) and was also its international relations director (2005-2008). Presently she coordinates the Brazil-US Colloquium on Communication Studies and is a member of the scientific committee of the Brazilian Society of Journalism Researchers (SBPJor).
Monica Martinez is Professor in the Department of Communication of the Universidade de Sorocaba, Reitoria, Pró-Reitoria de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa. She earned her PhD and MA in communication at the Escola de Comunicações e Artes da Universidade in São Paulo. Thereafter, while holding a postdoctoral position in Digital Narratives with the Programa de Pós-Graduação em Comunicação Social in the Communication Department of the Universidade Metodista of São Paulo she undertook research in collaboration with the Department of Radio-Television-Film in the College of Communication at The University of Texas. Among her books and peer-reviewed articles, her publications include: "Professor de Ilusões" (Prumo, 2012), "Tive uma Ideia -- O que é criatividade e como desenvolvê-la" (Paulinas, 2011), and "Jornada do Herói: estrutura narrativa mítica na construção de histórias de vida em jornalismo" (Annablume/Fapesp, 2008). She is the co-founder of Núcleo Granja Viana associated with the Joseph Campbell Foundation. Her research interests include: epistemology of communication, contemporary narratives, and literary journalism.
Heloisa Pait investigates the challenges posed by the introduction of new means of communication for democratic life, with emphasis on the personal dilemmas individuals encounter when presented with unknown sociabilities. In her doctoral dissertation at the New School for Social Research she investigated the personal challenges television soap opera writers and viewers faced in trying to make mass communication a meaningful activity. She has written on the reception of international news, on media use by Brazilian youth, and on the disruptive role of the internet in the Brazilian political environment. With her students, Heloisa investigates conceptions of memory and media use, the role of media in notions of secrecy in international relations, and the nature of public protests in Brazilian cities. Dealing with a broad range of subjects, her recurrent issue is the efforts individuals make to engage in communication with others, an activity always disrupted and reconstructed – revealed – by every material transformation of media. Heloisa Pait, a Fulbright alumni, is assistant professor of sociology at Júlio de Mesquita Filho University, Brazil. She is part of the advisory board of Open Knowledge Brazil, collaborate with Panoramas, a blog maintained by the Center for Latin American Studies of the University of Pittsburgh, and actively participate in Brazilian public life. Heloisa Pait’s fiction work has appeared in American and Brazilian publications.
Joseph D. Straubhaar
Professor Joseph D. Straubhaar is the Amon G. Carter Centennial Professor of Communications in the Department of Radio-TV-Film at The University of Texas at Austin. He was the Director of the Center for Brazilian Studies within the Lozano Long Institute for Latin American Studies, 2003-2006. His primary teaching, research and writing interests are in global media and cultural theory, media and migration, digital media and the digital divide in the U. S. and other countries, and global television production and flow. His graduate teaching includes media theory, global media, media and migration, Latin American media, and ethnographic research methods. His undergraduate teaching covers the same range plus introduction to media studies. He does research in Brazil, other Latin America countries, Europe, Asia and Africa, and has taken student groups to Latin America and Asia. He has done seminars abroad on media research, television programming strategies, and telecommunications privatization. He is on the editorial board for Communication Theory, Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Studies in Latin American Popular Culture, Comunicación y Sociedad, Chinese Journal of Communication, and Revista INTERCOM.
Antonio C. La Pastina
Antonio C. La Pastina (Ph.D. 1999, University of Texas at Austin) is an associate professor of media studies at the Department of Communication at Texas A&M University. His research focuses primarily on the ethnographic investigation of audiences’ engagement with media texts. He is currently working on a manuscript analyzing his decade and half ethnographic work in rural Brazil focusing primarily on the relationships between television, the Internet and social transformation. He has published extensively on telenovelas, audiences and ethnographic methodology, with periodical forays in issues of representations of non-mainstream populations. His work has appeared in Critical Studies in Media and Communication, Journal of Broadcast and Electronic Media, Gazette, and Qualitative Inquiry among others.
Sayonara Leal is PhD in Sociology. Associate Professor at the Department of Sociology at the University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil. Researcher from the Communication Policies Lab at UnB and from the Anthropology Lab of Science and Technology. My recent publications are: Vargas, E. and Leal, S. 2011. “Démocratie technologique et
Innovation dans les services: Une analyse sociotechnique de la définition de norme de la Télévision Numérique au Brésil.”. Revue Économie et Sociétés, 12 (3): 561-583. Leal, S. and Vargas, E. 2011. “Democracia técnica e lógicas de ação: uma análise sociotécnica da controvérsia em torno da definição do Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão
Digital – SBTVD.”. Revista Estado & Sociedade, 26 (2): 239-276. Leal, S. and Brant, Sandra. 2012. “Políticas de inclusão digital no Brasil: a experiência da formação dos monitores dos telecentros GESAC”. Liinc em Revista, 8 (1): 88-108. Leal, S. and Haje, L.. 2010. “Políticas de comunicación, digitalización y convergencia tecnológica:
El debate público sobre la consolidación de la nueva ley de TV por suscripción en el Congreso Nacional Brasileño”. Pp. 1-19 in Pensar los medios en la era digital, iberoamérica frente al desafío de la convergência, edited by Instituto de Estudios sobre Comunicación Radio y Televisión Argentina. Buenos Aires: La Crujia.
John R. Baldwin
John Baldwin (PhD, Arizona State University, 1994) is a professor of culture and communication, communication theory and qualitative research methods at Illinois State University. He has co-edited a book on definitions of culture (Redefining Culture, 2006) and co-authored a textbook, Intercultural Communication for Everyday Life (2014). His areas of interest include intercultural and intergroup communication, including adjustment, competence, as well as identity, prejudice, and tolerance. Recent research focuses on the social construction of identities in Brazilian rock music of the dictatorship era. He is conversational in Spanish and Portuguese, but also has interest in other languages and cultures.
Pedro Aguiar is a PhD candidate at the State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Brazil, supervised by Sonia Virginia Moreira. He earned his MA in Communications from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) in 2010 with a thesis on the Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool of the 1970s and 80s. In 2014 he co-edited the book "Agências de Notícias: perspectivas contemporâneas" (News Agencies: contemporary perspectives), the first in Brazil specifically dedicated to news agencies. From 2013 to 2015 he was also an assistant lecturer at the Fluminense Federal University (UFF), Brazil, teaching courses on World News and News Agency Journalism. His current research is a worldwide survey of state-owned news agencies in the Global South. Pedro also worked as a journalist in a number of newsrooms, both in print, broadcasting and news agencies, always as an editor for foreign news.